In addition to the offerings highlighted in this table, Praxair supplies customers in all markets with the full range of atmospheric, process and specialty gases. Praxair also offers a comprehensive portfolio of supply systems tailored to customers' needs. The 12% of sales not covered below is generated in a variety of smaller markets.

 MARKETS  PRAXAIR OFFERINGS  CUSTOMER BENEFITS
AEROSPACE 4% of total sales
Spacecraft manufacture & launch
 
  • Full range of cryogens, propellants & gases; electric propulsion system gases
  • Cryogenic fuel-densification systems
  • Metal-joining technology, supplies & services
  • Temporary & permanent supply systems; high-pressure systems
  • Site-gas and utility-management services
  • Safety training
  • Investment-reducing facility lease
 
  • Single source for supply systems & products
  • Reduced costs
Aircraft manufacture & operation
 
  • On-board oxygen membrane systems
  • Membrane nitrogen for fuel-tank inerting, filling tires & struts, pressurizing
  • Nitrogen-enriched air systems
  • Refrigeration systems for fuel conditioning
 
  • Single source for systems & products
  • Enhanced safety
  • Experience with FAA inerting standards
  • Reduced costs
Aircraft engine & airframe component overhaul and repair
 
  • High-performance surface coatings
  • Thermal spray systems, equipment & consumables
 
  • Extended product life
  • Increased productivity
  • Reduced costs
CHEMICALS 11% of total sales
   
  • Site-gas management services
  • Environmental solutions for wastewater, VOC’s & solid waste streams
  • Gas-based productivity solutions
  • Maintenance & repair gases & equipment
  • Clean dry-air systems
  • Utility management; co-generation
  • Pipeline & plant services - purging, blanketing, drying, cooling, heating, pressure testing, leak detection, hot stripping, pipe/furnace cleaning & inspecting
  • Specialty gases for process control and analytical applications
 
  • Reliable supply
  • Increased productivity
  • Environmental compliance
  • Lower production & maintenance costs
  • Consistent product quality
  • Improved safety
  • Fast, safe turnarounds
  • Longer equipment life
Biotechnology/
Life Sciences/
Pharmaceutical
 
  • Cryogenic equipment
  • Low-temperature process refrigeration
  • Ultra-pure instrument & process gases
  • Supercritical extraction materials; high-accuracy traceable calibration mixtures
 
  • Sample preservation
  • FDA compliance
ELECTRONICS 8% of total sales
Semiconductor fabrication
Process
consumables

 
 
 
  • Full line of ultra-high-purity process gases
  • Physical vapor deposition (PVD) sputtering targets & reclamation services
  • Computer disk and chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) slurries and polishing pads & belts
  • Chemical vapor deposition (CVP) precursors
  • On-site gases & chemicals management
  • Design & installation of advanced bulk & on-site production systems
  • High-flow bulk specialty-gas delivery systems
 
 
 
  • Single source for semiconductor process gases, delivery systems, materials & related services
  • Global distribution, local expertise
  • Lower total cost of ownership
  • Improved productivity
  • Reduced environmental impact
  • Reliable supply
Facilities
infrastructure
 
  • Analytical systems & services
  • Spare parts & consumables management
  • Component logistics
 
Chamber
components
 
  • Ceramic coatings; Anodized components; Electrostatic chucks
 
Fiber-optics
 
  • Helium, rare gases, specialty gases
  • Total materials management
  • Helium-recovery technology
 
  • Global distribution; local expertise
  • Reliable supply
  • Cost reductions
ENERGY 8% of total sales
Petroleum
Refining
 
  • Extensive hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen pipeline systems
  • Specialty gases for process control and analytical applications
  • Gas-management services
  • Pipeline & plant services - purging, blanketing, drying, cooling, heating, pressure testing, leak detection, hot stripping, pipe/furnace cleaning & inspecting
  • Maintenance & repair gases & equipment
  • Utility management; co-generation
  • Wastewater treatment gases & equipment
 
  • Reliable supply
  • Environmental compliance
  • Increased yield
  • Improved product quality
  • Lower maintenance costs
  • Longer equipment life
Oil & Gas Recovery
 
  • Mobile nitrogen pumping services
  • Foam fracturing applications
  • Cryogenic nitrogen injection & rejection services
  • Portable enhanced coal bed methane recovery systems
  • Nitrogen injection units; carbon dioxide rejection
  • Clean dry air systems
 
  • Reliable supply
  • Environmental compliance
  • Increased yield
  • Lower maintenance costs
Gas turbines
 
  • High-performance coatings
 
  • Longer equipment life
Coal-fired utility & industrial boilers
 
  • Oxygen-enhanced combustion technology
 
  • Lower nitrogen oxide emissions
  • Lower operating costs
FOOD & BEVERAGE 9% of total sales
   
  • Food laboratory offering testing services and a data resource center
  • Complete line of cryogenic freezers; equipment design and development
  • New low-temperature mechanical refrigeration technology
  • Produce washing and disinfection technology
  • Beverage carbonation services
  • Modified atmosphere packaging systems
  • Wastewater treatment gases & equipment
 
  • Improved food safety and product quality
  • Flavor preservation
  • Extended shelf life
  • Increased productivity
  • Enhanced yield savings
  • Improved distribution efficiencies
HEALTHCARE 11% of total sales
Home care
 
  • Home oxygen therapy via stationary oxygen concentrators and liquid systems, with high-pressure cylinder back-up
  • On-site coordinator program to facilitate transfer of patients from hospital to home
  • Sleep apnea equipment & treatment
  • Durable medical equipment – wheelchairs, hospital beds, walkers & canes, patient lift devices, bathroom aids
  • Home pharmacy program – respiratory medications and nebulizers
  • Infusion therapy – medication mixtures for intravenous treatment
  • High-tech respiratory services – ventilators and trachs
 
  • Life-saving treatment
  • Physical comfort
  • Home environment
  • Reduced costs
    (vs. hospital stay)
  • Highly trained healthcare professionals
  • Continuity of care
Hospitals
 
  • Site gas-management services
  • Medipure™ medical bulk & cylinder gases & related equipment for respiratory therapy and oxygen transport, anesthesia, diagnostics & medical lasers
  • Design/installation of medical piping & related equipment
  • Preparation of third-party compliance audits; compliance training & certification
  • Laboratory gases & environmental services
  • Cryogenic gases, dry ice & equipment for biological shipment & storage, dermatology & magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
 
  • Single source for medical gases, equipment and services from hospital to home
  • Improved efficiency and productivity
  • Reduced costs
  • Consistent product quality
MANUFACTURING 22% of total sales
Metal Fabrication
 
  • StarSolver ® welding and productivity enhancement program
  • Laser, robotics & membrane technologies; automation specialties
  • Argon, argon blends & carbon dioxide shielding gases
  • Welding & cutting equipment, consumables & accessories
  • Safety products
  • Technical support & training
  • Site gas-management services
 
  • Increased productivity
  • Lower overall costs
  • Improved product quality
  • Environmental compliance
  • Increased safety
  • Reduced rework
  • Extended equipment life
  • Access to technical expertise
Heat Treating
 
  • Protective atmsopheres in furnaces
  • Automated gas-control systems
  • Technical support, process and safety information
 
  • Improved product quality
  • Reduced costs
  • Improved reliability
Glass
 
  • Oxy-fuel combustion technologies
 
  • Environmental compliance
  • Lower energy consumption
Water Treatment
 
  • Patented I-SO™ technology for oxygenation of industrial wastewater
  • Gases and equipment for pH control
 
  • Higher treatment rates
  • Reduced volatile organic compound emissions
  • Improved process control and peak shaving
Pulp & Paper
 
  • Brownstock washing with carbon dioxide
  • Oxygen delignification
  • Lime kiln enrichment with oxygen Protective atmospheres
 
  • Environmental compliance
  • Improved product quality
  • Increased productivity
Machine parts, printing rolls
 
  • High-performance coatings
  • Thermal-spray-coated rolls & parts for flexographic, offset & gravure printing
 
  • Improved efficiencies
  • Extended equipment life
  • Improved product quality
  • Reduced costs
METALS 15% of total sales
   
  • Process analysis
  • Gas & energy-management services
  • CoJet ® gas-injection; argon-oxygen decarburization process & other patented & proprietary technologies for steel, stainless steel & aluminum production
  • Nitrogen technologies for cold curing, protective atmospheres, inerting and desulfurization
  • Waste-management systems
  • Welding technologies and gases
 
  • Reliable supply
  • Improved efficiencies
  • Improved product quality
  • Reduced costs